This study has examined the manner in which two early Christian apologists, Justin Martyr in his Apology and Theophilus of Antioch in Ad Autolycum, employed written sources in their writings. This study argues that Justin and Theophilus both demonstrated the authority of specifically Christian writings, especially in their use of the Fourth Gospel and implementation of Johannine logos theology. This study also suggested that a contextualized methodology constitutes a necessary component for accurate study of early Christian literature; that Justin and Theophilus employed a wide matrix of scriptural authorities in their writings; and that comparison of Justin and Theophilus underline important similarities and differences between these writers which inform the understanding of second century Christianity. It is the hope of this study to have fulfilled Theophilus’ final dictum in Ad Autolycum, to have read “these books carefully in order that [we] may have a counselor and pledge of the truth.”[ii]
Scripture among the Apologists: Conclusions
Posted byJacob J. PrahlowPosted inHistory, TheologyTags:Ad Autolycum, Ancient Christianity, Authority, Canon, Christianity, Church History, Development of the New Testament Canon, First Apology, Formation of the New Testament, Gospel of John, Hebrew Bible, History, History of Christianity, Johannine Theology, Justin Martyr, Logos Theology, New Testament, New Testament Canon, New Testament Studies, Old Testament, Reception, Reception History, Scripture, Second Century, Theology, Theophlus of Antioch
Published by Jacob J. Prahlow
Husband of Hayley. Dad of Bree and Judah. Lead pastor at Arise Church. MATS from Saint Louis University, MA from Wake Forest University, BA from Valparaiso University. Theologian and writer here and at Conciliar Post. Find me on social at @pastorjakestl View more posts
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